Lessons From Nishorgo

Lessons from Nishorgo in Bangladesh

The idea that people might be kept out of forest Protected Areas (PAs) in Bangladesh is unimaginable. Even in the vast Sundarban Wildlife Sanctuaries, honey collectors, wood collectors, and fisherfolk are a regular presence. This is not surprising given that there are 32 times as many people per PA hectare in Bangladesh as in India, 75 times as many as in Sri Lanka, and 1,168 times as many as in Bhutan.

The 27 chapters in this book summarize lessons learned from a five-year effort to introduce collaborative management (co-management) in five forest PAs in Bangladesh as a means of improving protection and management of biodiversity. The five pilot PAs were selected from amongst the 19 PAs under statutory authority of the Forest Department in 2003, and were located in the northeast (Lawachara National Park, Rema-Kalenga Wildlife Sanctuary, and Satchuri National Park) and southeast (Teknaf Wildlife Sanctuary and Chunati Wildlife Sanctuary) of the country. Together, they total 23,000 hectares and protect two notably "charismatic" mega-fauna (Hoolock Gibbon and Asian Elephant).

Each of these five PAs is surrounded by thousands of people, predominantly poor. In this respect, Bangladesh's conservation challenge serves as a harbinger of global conservation challenges, with an increasing population and a rising absolute number of poor people. The need to find ways to conserve even when population and poverty are high is ever more urgent. This book aims to contribute to that search for practical conservation solutions "where people and poverty intersect."

The volume is predicated on the need for conservation managers to report on what works and what does not. Rarely are failures documented as carefully as successes. This book aims to redress that.  All 28 chapter authors were involved in implementing elements of the program, and were asked to offer their candid assessment of lessons learned. In this sense, the book is intended as a practical knowledge management tool.

You can download the full book here (19.5 megabytes), or select individual chapters here:

Chapter 27. Conclusions and Reflections on a Way Forward Download Size: 1.55 MB
Chapter 25. Perspectives on Participatory Forest and PA Management Download Size: 491.23 KB
Chapter 23. Communication Tools and Strategies Download Size: 554.85 KB
Chapter 22. Presenting Interpretive Information Download Size: 737.65 KB
Chapter 21. Architectural Design and Infrastructure Download Size: 714.72 KB
Chapter 26. Revisiting the Context for Co-Management Download Size: 1.21 MB
Chapter 20. Applied Research and Knowledge Management Download Size: 331.61 KB
Chapter 19. Institutional Capacity Development of Forest Department and Local Stakeholders Download Size: 1.03 MB
Chapter 18. Energy Use and Options in the Protected Areas Download Size: 766.08 KB
Chapter 17. Enhancing Access to Capital within PA Landscapes through Microfinance and Grants Download Size: 645.5 KB
Chapter 16. Carbon Sink Projects as a Revenue Source Download Size: 476.99 KB
Chapter 15. Value Addition through Labeling in Hand-loomed Cloth Products Download Size: 560.31 KB
Chapter 14. Nature Tourism Enterprises Download Size: 734.5 KB
Chapter 13. Incentives for Community Patrolling and Protection Download Size: 681.83 KB
Chapter 12. Approach to Stimulation of Alternative Economic Incentives Download Size: 624.01 KB
Chapter 11. Policy and Legal Framework Download Size: 1.43 MB
Chapter 10. Using Indicator Birds to Assess Management Impacts Download Size: 115.78 KB
Chapter 9. Remote Sensing and Spatial Information in Support of Co-Management Planning Download Size: 902.01 KB
Chapter 8. Monitoring Change and Impact Download Size: 572.2 KB
Chapter 7. Management Plans and Restoration of Protected Areas Download Size: 598.5 KB
Chapter 6. Assessing the Capacity and Progress of Forest Co-Management Organizations Download Size: 750.84 KB
Chapter 5. The Pace, Nature and Logic of Empowerment at Co-Management Sites Download Size: 822.14 KB
Chapter 2. The Conservation Context in 2003 Download Size: 823.72 KB
Chapter 3. Genesis of the Nishorgo Forest Co-Management Experiment Download Size: 476.27 KB
Chapter 4. Development of the Collaborative Governance Model Download Size: 960.58 KB
Chapter 1. Introduction Download Size: 557.7 KB
Lessons Learn - all chapters Download Size: 19.56 MB