IPAC Project

IPAC Implementation and Management Strategy

IPAC focuses on building a foundation of sustainability for co-management of integrated protected area conservation through the Nishorgo Network. This includes both policy and site-based field work. Implementation will continue through a modified matrix management approach. In matrix management, team members report to both a functional manager and a project manager. Under a functional manager, work is divided among groups – each concentrating on their area of knowledge – located on a hierarchical organizational structure.IPAC has put in place a modified matrix management system that is continually addressing three layers of complexity: 

  • Obligations of staff and sub-contractors to the contractual outcomes of their technical specialties,
  • Obligations of staff to their Cluster and site-based program, and
  • The obligations of staff to support several cross-cutting themes like gender.

IPAC Progress to Date

The Sundarbans Integrated Resources Management Plan, a seminal management plan outlining co-management as conservation basis for this crown jewel of Bangladesh’s PA system;

  • Collaborative REDD+IFM Sundarbans Project (CRISP) concept note;
  • 220,000 hectares of land under improved natural resources management
  • 170,000 hectares of areas of biological significance under improved management
  • 15 policies developed in support of conservation and sustainable natural resources management
  • 1,77,937 people with increased economic benefits
  • 14,561 people, including 4,995 women, receiving training in NRM and/or conservation
  • 13,666 people with increased capacity in climate change adaptation
  • 78,276 metric tons of CO2 reduced or sequestered through improved forest management and conservation
  • 91,600 people, including 44,466 women, with access to improved water supply
  • $908,401 generated from conservation-based income generation activities
  • $17.37 million leveraged financing for conservation
  • 1,163,792 people, including 349,306 women, aware of the Nishorgo Network
  • 427,059 recorded visitors to Nishorgo Network Protected Areas


Project Components

IPAC project includes three main components: 

• Development of a coherent strategy for integrated protected area co-management and biodiversity conservation, with supports for constituency building; visioning, policy analysis and strategy development; partnership building for sustainable financing and development of an outreach and communication strategy.

• Building stakeholder and institutional capacities; strengthening of existing training centers and development of new and innovative applied training courses; and development of local support services for integrated and participatory co-management initiatives.

• Site specific implementation of co-management in Protected Areas to continue field testing and institutionalization of proven approaches for integrated PA co-management; to scale up the network of co-managed of the PAs, expand support for Alternative Income Generation activities, Value Chain strengthening, robust public-private partnerships, leveraged conservation financing and local level outreach while contributing to improved welfare of rural communities through reduced vulnerability and increased adaptation to climate change, improved access to drinking water supplies and more secure and diversified livelihoods.

IPAC Component

Overall Results

Development of IPAC Strategy

  • Formal policy recognition of PA as a system and management unit, and implementation of a national Integrated Protected Areas Co-management Strategy and Action Plan based on co-management for conservation
  • Pragmatic conservation financing mechanisms to mainstream conservation financing in favor of co-management implementation at the national and local levels
  • At the local level, financial support through conservation financing mechanisms will facilitate adaptation of the communities as well as the GOB officials to climate change related vulnerabilities

Building Institutional Capacity

  • Institutionalization of co-management by the GOB as the accepted approach for PA management and biodiversity conservation
  • Ensure the sustainability of gains achieved under MACH and NSP
  • A cadre of professionals trained in PA management and co-management within the GOB institutions, as well as community organizations and NGOs.

Site Specific Implementation

  • Implementation of the approved IPAC strategy establishing sustainable, more productive and resilient PAs
  • Declaration of additional forest PA per the Wildlife Preservation (Amendment) Act of 1974  
  • Increase the number of hectares under co-management and the visibility of the approach, by expanding co-management into additional PAs, including freshwater wetlands, coastal ecosystems and the designated Ecologically Critical Areas (ECA)
  • Development and demonstration of ecological restoration plans based on co-management to rehabilitate degraded critical ecosystems through co-management while building stakeholder capacity for restoration.
  • Recovery of areas of the Sundarbans damaged by Cyclone Sidr through co-management initiatives.
  • Public-private sector alliances for PA co-management established and successfully operating.

IPAC Project

Integrated Protected Area Co-management (IPAC) project contributes to sustainable natural resource management and enhanced biodiversity conservation in targeted forest and wetland protected areas with the goal of preserving the ecological bio-diversity of Bangladesh while promoting equitable economic growth and strengthening environmental governance.

The technical support contract for the Integrated Protected Area Co-Management (IPAC) Project was awarded on June 4, 2008 by USAID/Bangladesh. IPAC will provide technical advisory services and other supports over a five year period (2008-2013) to the agencies of Government of Bangladesh responsible for the conservation of wetland and forest protected areas across Bangladesh.

IPAC is implemented with the help of Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF), and Ministry of Fisheries and Livestock (MoFL), through a consortium of partners led by International Resources Group (IRG).